Dandruff affects more than half of the population. Flakiness and itchy scalp are the primary causes for this condition, and it can also lead to other symptoms, such as tingling skin and greasy patches on the scalp. A few underlying causes of dandruff include seborrheic dermatitis, dry skin, and sensitivity to certain hair products. Though some products can be used to cure dandruff, a few natural remedies are also effective.

Here are a few tips for preventing dandruff and flakes.

1. Tea tree oil
For many years, tea tree oil has been used for curing ailments, such as psoriasis and acne. It consists of excellent anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial properties that offer relief from dandruff. Furthermore, tea tree oil effectively combats the fungus that causes both dandruff and seborrheic dermatitis. Washing your hair with a shampoo containing a placebo or 5% tea tree oil is known to treat dandruff. Studies have also suggested that tea tree oil reduces symptom severity by 41%. It further improves itchiness and greasiness as well. For some people with sensitive skin, tea tree oil can lead to irritation. Thus, it is recommended to dilute the oil by adding some drops of any carrier oil, like coconut oil, before applying it to your skin.

2. Omega-3 fatty acids
Another tip for preventing dandruff and flakes is to increase the omega-3 fatty acid content in your diet. It is great for maintaining hair and skin health. A dearth of omega-3 acid in your diet can lead to dry scalp and dandruff. Walnuts and flax seeds are two excellent sources of omega-3 fatty acids. They keep your skin hydrated, reduce aging signs, lower skin inflammation, and help manage sebum production.

3. Vinegar
Vinegar is also helpful in treating dry and itchy skin. It also kills dandruff-causing bacteria and fungus. Vinegar has a high acidic content, which is beneficial to get rid of flaking. For this, you need to take a 1:1 ratio of vinegar and water and apply it to the scalp. You can leave it on for approximately 30 minutes before washing it off completely.

4. Lemongrass and lemongrass oil
Lemongrass oil and lemongrass help in reducing stress, lowering blood pressure, and treating digestive issues. It has excellent anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial properties, which significantly help lower the symptoms of dandruff. Like tea tree oil, even lemongrass can lead to skin irritation and cause allergic reactions if applied directly to the skin. You can dilute the oil with water or add a few drops of lemongrass oil to any regular conditioner or shampoo.

5. Wash your hair often
If you have an oily scalp, you are more prone to getting dandruff. In this case, you can consider shampooing your head every other to prevent flakiness and dandruff. While washing your hair, ensure you massage the scalp as it helps loosen the flakes. Following that, rinse it thoroughly.