Those who maintain an active sex life but do not want kids should be cautious about avoiding pregnancy. With so many stories of unwanted pregnancies, it is crucial to get educated about these matters. There are many birth control options, so you do not have to abstain from having sex completely. Here are five of the most popular methods to prevent pregnancy.

1. Female condoms
Condoms are the first choice for birth control since they are the only type of contraception that protects against sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). There is no need for any prescription to buy female condoms. You can always walk into a drug store and buy them. Besides, you can even get them online.

2. Male condoms
Male condoms are the most common contraceptives used around the world. When used correctly, they are more than 80 percent effective. Most of these condoms are made of latex, but there are other types for those who are allergic to this material. Latex condoms are only compatible with water-based lubricants, so check the type of condom you have if you are using a lubricant.

3. Birth control sponge
Another contraceptive used to avoid pregnancy is the birth control sponge, which is available at the pharmacy without the need for any prescription. They are made of polyurethane foam, which contains spermicide. This sponge is kept deep inside the vagina to prevent sperms from entering the uterus. This is about 76 to 88 percent effective. The chances of pregnancy reduce further upon combining this method with a condom.

4. Vaginal rings
Vaginal rings are also considered one of the most popular methods to prevent pregnancy when used correctly. This ring is placed in the vagina for three weeks. It is responsible for releasing hormones in the body, which helps avoid pregnancy.

5. Sterilization
Both men and women can undergo sterilization to lower their fertility permanently. The procedures are considered extremely safe, and over 99 percent effective in preventing pregnancy. However, it is important to note that they can lead to sexually transmitted diseases.

Males can get a vasectomy – the snipping off of tubes that carry the sperms. This is not a major procedure, and hence there is no need for hospitalization. In the future, it is also possible to reverse the vasectomy. Females can get a tubal ligation, which involves sealing off the fallopian tubes. This process is permanent; however, these tubes can get reconnected in rare cases, which could result in pregnancy.